SEAS Hierarchical Viewer/Editor: Uni-dimensional Template Primitive Question

SEAS Help System
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Introduction: About Getting Started How To
Topics: Concepts Template Style Guide Frequently Asked Questions
Viewers: Manager Publication Information Situation Information
Multi. Arg. Uni. Arg. Derivative Question Uni. Arg. Primitive Question
Multi. Tmp. Uni. Tmp. Derivative Question Uni. Tmp. Primitive Question
Table Viewer Summary Viewer Memos
Collection Manager Collection Viewers Merging Tool
Glossary: Buttons Symbols Terms

Hierarchical Viewer/Editor: Uni-dimensional Template, Primitive Question

TIP: Click on the buttons and symbols in the images to view the corresponding glossary entries.

Here the Hierarchical Viewer/Editor depicts a primitive question from a uni-dimensional template (i.e., ECONOMIC.CSA-IRAQ). When the cursor is positioned over a node, a pop-up displays the corresponding question topic and text. The symbols that appear in the upper right corner depict aspects of the associated situation descriptor (here the coins depict the associated economic perspective, the flag depicts the associated region, and the crate a trade related event). The Unpublished Template symbol (below the situation descriptor symbols) indicates that this template is not published. The Unpublished Template symbol (top right) indicates that this template is not published. The absence of a "READ ONLY" symbol indicates that you can modify this template and the absence of a Collaboration Warning symbol indicates that no coauthors are simultaneously accessing this template (see Publishing).

Navigation Map and Navigation Buttons

At the top left of this display is a navigation graphic that depicts the hierarchy of questions. The question depicted in this display is indicated by its corresponding node in the graphic being filled. Immediately below this navigation graphic are the navigation buttons that move one laterally (left and right) or vertically (up) within the hierarchy; when this uni-dimensional template is being portrayed in the context of multi-dimensional template, a button is included for moving directly to the multi-dimensional display. The analyst can also navigate by directly selecting a node within the navigation graphic.

Pushing the Hierarchical Viewer Parameters button (below the navigation buttons and below the auxiliary toolbar, if present), brings up the following dialog. The Types parameters for Memos causes yellow rectangles to appear in the navigation map. If they do, it indicates that the adjacent node/question has a memo displayed of one of the selected Types. The All and None options are shortcuts for selecting and deselecting all of the elements for the associated parameter. The Content parameter causes either the Full memos to be included or a shorter and more compact Synopsis to be included within displays that include the objects to which the memos are attached.

Other Buttons

The three buttons that appear at the far left in the toolbar invoke the Hierarchical Viewer (i.e., this viewer), the Summary Viewer, and the Table Viewer. The button that appears immediately below these invokes the Parameters Editor (see below). The Argument (i.e., "A") button, that appears near the middle of the toolbar, switches this viewer/editor to the argument based upon this template, from which one originally navigated to this template; this button will not appear if you navigated to this template in another way. The button to its immediate right, with a film spool on it, invokes the Comparison Tool. The buttons centered on the toolbar are used to print this display or to close it. The buttons at the right end of the toolbar bring up the Memo Manger, the Publication Information Viewer/Editor, the Situation Description Viewer/Editor, the SEAS Object Manager, and this Help system, respectively, moving from left to right. If the memo button has several dark lines across its yellow field, this indicates that there are memos attached to this argument that are not currently being displayed in this window (more on this below).

Auxiliary Toolbar

Immediately below the buttons on the left is a small rightward pointing triangle with "Auxiliary Toolbar" adjacent to it. When clicked, this reveals an auxiliary toolbar like the one below. A similar triangle, pointing downward, reconceals this toolbar when clicked.

The first three buttons at the left in this toolbar perform the same operations as those in the SEAS Object Manager, only on the argument that is the focus of this viewer/editor. The export button bring up the following dialog. Pushing the save button, after having selected the type of file the export is to be Saved As, performs the export (see Exporting and Importing for details on the different types of exports); pushing cancel before save exits the dialog without performing an export.

Pushing the critique button will bring up the following dialog where you select the specific Checks and sets the associated Criteria that the Template Critic is to apply to this template, and specifies whether or not to Discard Previous Critic Memos. Upon pushing the ok button, the Critic will perform the specified checks, posting a memo of type critique wherever the criteria is not met; pushing the print button will print this dialog; pushing the cancel button before the ok button will exit this dialog without performing a critique of this argument; the Help button invokes this Help system.

If this template has not been versioned before, then pushing the version button will bring up the first dialog below, otherwise the second dialog below will be brought up. In this first dialog, you are asked to select the New Collection Type to be used to record versions of this template (see Using Collections for an explanation of the differences among these types). Push the new button, after having selected a type, to create a new collection containing both this template and a copy. Future modifications to this template will not impact the copy. Push the cancel button to exit this dialog without creating anything new.

If this template has been versioned before, then pushing the version button will result in a dialog similar to the following. Pushing the Inspect button adjacent to a collection in the Collections to Use will cause the contents of that collection, being used to record versions of this template, to be displayed. After having specified the collection to use if more than one is present, the Previous Item Name (if present), whether or not the item should be published, and whether or not the Collection to Use should be placed in your home collection, pushing the new button will add a copy of the template as a new item to the collection and, if so indicated, publish that copy and add that collection to your home collection (if not already there). Pushing the cancel button before the new button will exit without creating a copy of this template. See Using Collections for a detailed explanation of versioning and sequencing collections.

Clicking on the button at the right will bring up the Information window (see below) that provides additional information about this template. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), the top part of the window will appear as below, allowing you to modify the Skeleton and/or Inference Method of this template. The skeletal structure is specified by a series of numerical entries indicating the number of Questions Per Branch that support each question higher in the skeleton e.g., 1 over 4 over 3 has the root derivative question (i.e., 1) supported by 4 derivative questions (i.e., 4) and each of these 4 derivative questions supported by 3 primitive questions. The Inference Method is specified by selecting an automated Fusion Method that is to be applied at every derivative question, at each Level, to automatically produce its answer based upon the answers to the questions immediately below it. If fusion methods are not selected for every level, then the prior fusion method (i.e., the first one above) is used for the remaining levels; if more fusion methods than derivative question levels are given, the extra ones are ignored. The number of Choices chosen at each Level, determine the number of multiple choice answers or lights that will be associated with the questions at the corresponding level. Upon pushing the ok button, the template's skeletal structure and/or inference method is modified. [High SEAS Only: The Information window also displays the collections that are supported by this template (i.e., collections for which this template is an item), the multi-dimensional templates that are supported by this uni-dimensional template (i.e., ones in which this uni-dimensional template is a component), and uni-dimensional arguments based upon this template. Clicking on an Inspect button adjacent to a supported object will open that object. ] The close/cancel button dismisses the Information window without making any modifications and the Help button, on the far right, invokes this Help system.


If visible memos are attached to this template or its underlying template, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below the toolbar, either in the form of a short synopsis (as shown below) or in its full form. Positioning the cursor over the subject of a memo will cause its contents to be displayed in a pop-up; clicking on the subject will open that memo in the Memo Viewer/Editor. If visible memos are attached to discovery tools, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below their respective citations. For more about managing memos, see Memo.

Question, Amplification, and Answers

The Base Question, to be directly answered by the user, appears just below the toolbar of buttons. Just below this is the Question Amplification that further explains, refines, or restates the question being posed. The amplification will appear as a bulleted list of items in arguments; items are separated by carriage returns. This is followed by a multiple choice list of answers for this question. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing),

There is an Edit button next to the Base Question, Question Amplification, and Choices. Pushing this button allows you to edit the text that constitutes the corresponding question or choices. The Number of Choices (i.e., the number of lights) can be 2, 3, or 5. You edit the text in the Question/Choice Editor (below) and then pushes the ok button to record the changes or the cancel button to discard them. To help speed the creation of templates and improve their quality, a library of exemplar template questions and associated multiple-choice answers is provided. One of these exemplar answer sets can be entered through the Use an Answer Set pull down menu. Pushing the Reverse button will reverse the order of the choices, making what was the choice associated with the red light associated with the green light and vice versa. If the Use these choices for all questions in this template is checked, then upon pushing ok, the choices for all questions in this uni-dimensional template are changed to this set. See the Style Guide for Argument Templates for guidance on creating good questions and choices.

Discovery Tools

The final portion of the display lists the Discovery Tools associated with this question in the argument template. If visible memos are attached to evidence, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below their citations. Each Discovery Tool represents a recommended means of answering or acquiring evidence to support the answering of the associated question. Discovery Tools can include ones that issue queries to search engines, create SEAS arguments that breakdown the associated question into other questions that might be easier to answer, or invoke other analytic tools, among possible others. The Inspect button that appears before each tool will activate the associated discovery tool. Pressing the memo button will invoke the Memo Manager on the memos attached to this discovery tool. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), an Edit and a Trash button appear after each Inspect button. Pushing the Trash button eliminates the associated discovery tool. The Edit button invokes the Discovery Tool editor; clicking on the Discovery Toolbox invokes the similar New Discovery Tool Editor (see below). Here you see or select the Type of discovery tool they wish to edit or create (one based upon a URL, SEAS Template, Reuse of a discovery tool previously entered, or one that creates multiple Exhibits from a URL), enters or edits the Citation text string that describes the tool in the case of a URL or SEAS Template, and enters a URL, SEAS Argument, or Exhibit, respectively, utilizing the associated Discovery button to invoke an appropriate browser to locate the object. Modification are saved by pressing the ok button; pressing the new button will save any modifications and clear this form for entry of another discovery tool; pressing the cancel button will dismiss it. See Using Discovery Tools for more details on different types of discovery tools.

SEAS and High SEAS 7.1 - Patent Pending and Unpublished Copyright © 1998-2007, SRI International