SEAS Hierarchical Viewer/Editor: Uni-dimensional Argument Primitive Question

SEAS Help System

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Introduction: About Getting Started How To
Topics: Concepts Template Style Guide Frequently Asked Questions
Viewers: Manager Publication Information Situation Information
Multi. Arg. Uni. Arg. Derivative Question Uni. Arg. Primitive Question
Multi. Tmp. Uni. Tmp. Derivative Question Uni. Tmp. Primitive Question
Table Viewer Summary Viewer Memos
Collection Manager Collection Viewers Merging Tool
Glossary: Buttons Symbols Terms

Hierarchical Viewer/Editor: Uni-dimensional Argument, Primitive Question

TIP: Click on the buttons and symbols in the images to view the corresponding glossary entries.

Here the Hierarchical Viewer/Editor depicts a primitive question from a uni-dimensional argument (i.e., ECONOMIC.IRAQ-99). The symbols that appears in the upper right corner depict aspects of the associated situation descriptor (here the coins depict the associated economic perspective, the dates indicate the bounds on the time period analyzed, the flag depicts the associated region, and the page of text indicates that there are additional free text annotations included in the situation descriptor). The Unpublished Template symbol (below the situation descriptor symbols) indicates that this argument and its underlying template are unpublished. The absence of a "READ ONLY" symbol indicates that you can modify this argument and the absence of a Collaboration Warning symbol indicates that no coauthors are simultaneously accessing this argument (see Publishing).

Navigation Map and Navigation Buttons

At the top left of this display is a navigation graphic that depicts the hierarchy of questions. Each node in this graphic is colored with the light (closest to red) that corresponds to the answer to that question. When the cursor is positioned over a node, a pop-up displays the corresponding question topic and text. The question depicted in this display is indicated by its corresponding node in the graphic having a dark border. If weighted fusion methods are being employed, then questions given less weight are depicted by smaller nodes (see Fusion and Inference Methods for details). Immediately below this navigation graphic are the navigation buttons that move one laterally (left and right) or vertically (up) within the hierarchy; when this uni-dimensional argument is being portrayed in the context of multi-dimensional argument, a button is included for moving directly to the multi-dimensional display. You can also navigate by directly selecting a node within the navigation graphic. If weighted fusion methods are being employed then weighting symbols will appear immediately to the right of the down buttons.

Pushing the Viewer Parameters button (below the navigation buttons and below the auxiliary toolbar, if present), brings up the following dialog. The Types parameters for Memos causes yellow rectangles to appear in the navigation map. If they do, it indicates that the adjacent node/question has a memo displayed of one of the selected types. The All and None options are shortcuts for selecting and deselecting all of the elements for the associated parameter. The Content parameter causes either the Full memos to be included or a shorter and more compact Synopsis to be included within displays that include the objects to which the memos are attached.

Other Buttons

The three buttons that appear at the far left in the toolbar invoke the Hierarchical Viewer (i.e., this viewer), the Summary Viewer, and the Table Viewer. The Template (i.e., "T") button, that appears near the middle of the toolbar, switches this viewer/editor to the template that underlies this argument. The buttons centered on the toolbar are used to print this display or to close it. The first button at the right end of the toolbar invokes any auto-populating discovery tools associated with this argument (see Using Discovery Tools for details). The remaining buttons at the right end of the toolbar bring up the Memo Manager, the Publication Information Viewer/Editor, the Situation Description Viewer/Editor, the SEAS Object Manager, and this Help system, respectively, moving from left to right. If the memo button has several dark lines across its yellow field, this indicates that there are memos attached to this argument that are not currently being displayed in this window (more on this below).

Auxiliary Toolbar

Immediately below the buttons on the left is a small rightward pointing triangle with "Auxiliary Toolbar" adjacent to it. When clicked, this reveals an auxiliary toolbar like the one below. A similar triangle, pointing downward, reconceals this toolbar when clicked.

The first three buttons at the left in this toolbar perform the same operations as those in the SEAS Object Manager, only on the argument that is the focus of this viewer/editor. The merge button invokes the Merging Tool where information can be moved between this and another template. The export button brings up the following dialog. Pushing the save button, after having selected the type of file the export is to be Saved As, performs the export (see Exporting and Importing for details on the different types of exports); pushing cancel before save exits the dialog without performing an export.

Pushing the critique button will bring up the following dialog where you select the specific Checks and sets the associated Criteria that the Argument Critic is to apply to this argument, and specifies whether or not to Discard Previous Critic Memos. Upon pushing the ok button, the Critic will perform the specified checks, posting a memo of type critique wherever the criteria is not met; pushing the print button will print this dialog; pushing the cancel button before the ok button will exit this dialog without performing a critique of this argument; the Help button invokes this Help system.

If this argument has not been versioned before, then pushing the version button will bring up the first dialog below, otherwise the second dialog below will be brought up. In this first dialog, you are asked to select the New Collection Type to be used to record versions of this argument (see Using Collections for an explanation of the differences among these types). Push the new button, after having selected a type, to create a new collection containing both this argument and a copy. Future modifications to this argument will not impact the copy. Push the cancel button to exit this dialog without creating anything new.

If this argument has been versioned before, then pushing the version button will result in a dialog similar to the following. Pushing the Inspect button adjacent to a collection in the Collections to Use will cause the contents of that collection, being used to record versions of this argument, to be displayed. After having specified the collection to use if more than one is present, the Previous Item Name (if present), whether or not the item should be published, and whether or not the Collection to Use should be placed in your home collection, pushing the new button will add a copy of the argument as a new item to the collection and, if so indicated, publish that copy and add that collection to your home collection (if not already there). Pushing the cancel button before the new button will exit without creating a copy of this argument. See Using Collections for a detailed explanation of versioning and sequencing collections.

Clicking on the button at the right will bring up the Information window (see below) that provides additional information about this argument. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), the top part of the window will appear as below, allowing you to select a different template to use as the basis for this argument. Push the Discovery button to find a uni-dimensional template. Upon pushing the ok button, it is substituted for the original template underlying the uni-dimensional argument. [High SEAS Only: The Information window also displays the collections that are supported by this argument (i.e., collections for which this argument is an item) and the multi-dimensional arguments that are supported by this uni-dimensional argument (i.e., ones in which this uni-dimensional argument is a component). Clicking on an Inspect button adjacent to a supported object will open that object.] The cancel/close button dismisses the Information window without making any changes and the Help button, on the far right, invokes this Help system.

Memos

If visible memos are attached to this argument or its underlying template, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below the toolbar, either in the form of a short synopsis (as shown below) or in its full form. Positioning the cursor over the subject of a memo will cause its contents to be displayed in a pop-up; clicking on the subject will open that memo in the Memo Viewer/Editor. If visible memos are attached to evidence, exhibits, or discovery tools, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below their respective citations. For more about managing memos, see Memo.

Question, Amplification, and Answers

The focal question, to be directly answered by you, appears just below the toolbar of buttons. Just below this is an amplification that further explains, refines, or restates the question being posed. If this question has already been answered, then the Analyst who last contributed to this answer (or to the Rationale, see below) and the date On which that contribution was made are recorded. This is followed by a multiple choice list of answers for this question. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing) or an automated fusion method has been selected (see below), you select the plausible answer(s) for this question by clicking on one or more of the lights adjacent to these answers. If an automated fusion method has been selected, then you will not be able manually change the selected answer(s).

Rationale

Immediately below the multiple choice answers is the Rationale that explains why the question has been answered as it has. Typically this explanation is based upon the Evidence that appears below it. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), there is an Edit button next to the Rationale. Pushing this button allows you to edit the text that constitutes the Rationale. You edit the text in the Answer and Rationale Editor (below) and then pushes the ok button to record the changes or the cancel button to discard them.

Answer and Rationale History

[High SEAS Only: If the answer or rationale have been modified one or more times since their initial entry, immediately below the rationale, a small rightward pointing triangle will appear with "History" adjacent to it. When clicked, this reveals the history of changes that have been made (see below). A similar triangle, pointing downward, reconceals this history when clicked. ]

Evidence

Each piece of Evidence is represented by its Citation, a text string that describes this document, the Analyst who last contributed to this evidence and the date On which that contribution was made and its Relevance, a text string that describes what is in this document that is applicable to determining the answer to this question and the answer(s) that would be selected if it were based exclusively on this evidence. If visible memos are attached to evidence, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below their citations.

Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), there are three buttons to the left of every piece of evidence. Pressing the Inspect button (the first button with a magnifying glass on it) will cause the exhibit that is the basis of the Evidence to be displayed; pressing the Demote button (the third button) will demote this Evidence to an exhibit, in so doing, striping it of its Relevance; pressing the Edit button (the second button) launches the Evidence Editor (below) where you can raise or lower a Signal Flag associated with this evidence, edit the text that constitutes the Citation, edit the text and choose the answers that constitute the Relevance of this evidence to answering the focal question, and manage memos attached to the evidence by invoking the Memo Manager by pressing the memo button. If the associated exhibit is a uni-dimensional argument, then the answers are automatically inherited from underlying argument if the Inheritance check box is checked, otherwise they are manually selected just like any other evidence.

Immediately adjacent to the " Evidence" label , the selected fusion method is displayed. The default method is Manual, meaning that it is up to you to fuse the Evidence and select the appropriate answer(s) for the focal question. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), the selected fusion method is changed by clicking on the method displayed and choosing from the list presented. All of the other fusion methods are automated fusion methods, that is, they automatically select the answer(s) for the focal question based upon the answers in the Relevance associated with each piece of Evidence. Different automated fusion methods combine the Evidence answers in different ways to derive the answer(s) for the focal question (see Fusion and Inference Methods for details). Some fusion methods utilize weights assigned to the different pieces of evidence that they are combining. If such a weighted fusion method is in use, then weighting symbols will appear adjacent to each piece of evidence. [High SEAS Only: Even when weighted fusion methods are not in use, these symbols can be used to record the credibility attributed to the evidence given its source. ] Clicking on these weighting symbols will bring up the following dialog where the weight associated with a piece of evidence can be changed. The weight is proportional to the blue area of the chosen circle. A filled circle represents full impact while an empty circle represents no impact.

Relevance History

[High SEAS Only: If the relevance has been modified one or more times since its initial entry, immediately below the relevance, a small rightward pointing triangle will appear with "History" adjacent to it. When clicked, this reveals the history of changes that have been made (analogous to the answer and rationale history described above). A similar triangle, pointing downward, reconceals this history when clicked. ]

Exhibits

The Exhibits associated with this question appear immediately below the evidence. Remember that an Exhibit differs from Evidence in that its relevance to the question at hand has yet to be determined. Therefore, each Exhibit is depicted by its Citation string, with no relevance. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), four buttons appear before each Exhibit, otherwise there is one. The first of these buttons is used to examine the contents of the Exhibit, just as with the first Evidence button. The second of these allows one to edit the Citation associated with this Exhibit and raise and lower an associated Signal Flag. The third removes (trashes) the Exhibit. The fourth promotes an Exhibit to Evidence, by asking you to enter its Relevance, using the Evidence editor shown above.

Clicking on the Exhibit In-Basket, invokes the New Exhibit interface (below). Here you first select the Type of entity to be added as an exhibit - either (1) a Citation (only) to an off-line document, (2) an on-line document specified by a URL, (3) a document contained in a local File from Disk, (4) an on-line document specified by a URL that is to be retained as a file by the SEAS server, (5) an on-line document specified by a URL that is to be searched for references to other on-line documents and turned into exhibits, (6) a SEAS Argument, or (7) Reuse an exhibit previously entered. In some cases, you enter a Citation for the exhibit and, in other cases, enter a URL, File, Argument, or Exhibit, utilizing associated discovery buttons to invoke an appropriate browser to locate objects. When using files as exhibits, those that can be viewed on most any machine (e.g., html, pdf, gif) are strongly preferred. Finally, you indicate whether or not a Signal Flag is to be displayed followed by pressing the ok button to create the exhibit. Pressing the new button will create the exhibit and then clear this form for entry of another exhibit; pressing the cancel button will dismiss it without creating an exhibit. See Using Exhibits for more details on different types of exhibits.

There is an option in this dialog to Add Answer and Relevance. When this option is invoked, the dialog changes to the one below. Now you can record the text and choose the answers that constitute the Relevance of this exhibit to answering the focal question. In so doing, this new exhibit is immediately promoted to be evidence.

[High SEAS Only: When adding a File from Disk, you can push the Add More Files button to add multiple files at once, speeding exhibit creation. ]

Pushing on the edit button, adjacent to an exhibit, brings up the Exhibit Viewer/Editor (below). Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), you can change the Citation and raise or lower the Signal Flag. Pressing the Inspect button will cause the document that is the basis of the exhibit to be displayed and pressing the memo button will invoke the Memo Manager on the memos attached to this exhibit.

Discovery Tools

The final portion of the display might include a list of Discovery Tools, some directly associated with this argument and others associated with the underlying argument template. If visible memos are attached to discovery tools, viewable by you, they will appear immediately below their citations. Each Discovery Tool represents a recommended means of answering or acquiring evidence to support the answering of the associated question. Discovery Tools can include ones that issue queries to search engines, create SEAS arguments that breakdown the associated question into other questions that might be easier to answer, or invoke other analytic tools, among possible others. The Inspect button that appears before each tool will activate the associated discovery tool. Pressing the memo button will invoke the Memo Manager on the memos attached to this discovery tool. Unless you are limited to "READ ONLY" access (see Publishing), an Edit and a Trash button appear after each Inspect button. Pushing the Trash button eliminates the associated discovery tool. The Edit button invokes the Discovery Tool editor; clicking on the Discovery Toolbox invokes the similar New Discovery Tool Editor (see below). Here you see or select the Type of discovery tool they wish to edit or create (one based upon a URL, SEAS Template, Reuse of a discovery tool previously entered, or one that creates multiple Exhibits from a URL), enters or edits the Citation text string that describes the tool in the case of a URL or SEAS Template, and enters a URL, SEAS Argument, or Exhibit, respectively, utilizing the associated Discovery button to invoke an appropriate browser to locate the object. Modification are saved by pressing the ok button; pressing the new button will save any modifications and clear this form for entry of another discovery tool; pressing the cancel button will dismiss it. See Using Discovery Tools for more details on different types of discovery tools.

Signal Flags

Red signal flags may appear below leaf nodes in the navigation map or adjacent to evidence or exhibits. A flag below a node in the navigation map indicates that the (primitive) question corresponding to that (leaf) node has exhibits or evidence that require attention. Flags appearing before evidence or exhibits are intended to signal that these items require attention.


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