Older Reference Material of General Lisp Interest

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The following are significant references for anticedents to Common Lisp or related languages (in some cases being used as working documents for the ANSI Common Lisp committee). In some cases, the material presented in these references is subsummed by current Common Lisp references or by material in Lisp books.
``Common Lisp Object System Specification,'' D. Bobrow, L. DiMichiel, R.P. Gabriel, S. Keene, G. Kiczales, D. Moon, SIGPLAN Notices V23, September, 1988.

``Exceptional Situations in Lisp,'' Kent M. Pitman Proceedings of the First European Conference on the Practical Application of LISP (EUROPAL '90), Churchill College, Cambridge, England, March 27-29, 1990.

``Flavors: A Non-Hierarchical Approach to Object-Oriented Programming,'' Howard I. Cannon, 1982.

IEEE Standard for the Scheme Programming Language, IEEE Std 1178-1990, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc. (New York), 1991.

Interlisp Reference Manual Third Revision, Teitelman, Warren, et al, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (Palo Alto, CA), 1978.

Lisp 1.5 Programmer's Manual John McCarthy, MIT Press (Cambridge, MA), August, 1962.

LISP 1.5 Programmer's Manual, 2nd edition John McCarthy, et al. MIT Press, 1965, ISBN 0-262-13011-4 (paperback).
[Gives five basic functions, CAR, CDR, CONS, EQ, and ATOM. Using composition, conditional expressions (COND), and recursion, LAMBDA, and QUOTE, these basic functions may be used to construct the entire class of computable functions of S-expressions. Gives the functions EVAL and APPLY in M-expression syntax.]

Lisp Machine Manual, D.L. Weinreb and D.A. Moon, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT (Cambridge, MA), July, 1981.
Often informally referred to as the Chinual.

Maclisp Reference Manual, Revision 0, David A. Moon, Project MAC (Laboratory for Computer Science), MIT (Cambridge, MA), March, 1974.
Often informally referred to as the Moonual.

``NIL---A Perspective,'' JonL White, Macsyma User's Conference, 1979.

The Revised Maclisp Manual (Saturday Evening Edition), Kent M. Pitman, Technical Report 295, Laboratory for Computer Science, MIT (Cambridge, MA), May 1983.
Often informally referred to as the Pitmanual.

``Revised^4 Report on the Algorithmic Language Scheme,'' William Clinger and Jonathan Rees (editors) Lisp Pointers IV(3):1--55, July--September, 1991.
(LISP Pointers is a newsletter published by ACM SIGPLAN.)

``S-1 Common Lisp Implementation,'' R.A. Brooks, R.P. Gabriel, and G.L. Steele, Conference Record of the 1982 ACM Symposium on Lisp and Functional Programming, 108-113, 1982.

Smalltalk-80: The Language and its Implementation, A. Goldberg and D. Robson, Addison-Wesley, 1983.

``Standard LISP Report,'' J.B. Marti, A.C. Hearn, M.L. Griss, and C. Griss, SIGPLAN Notices V14, #10, October, 1979.

XP: A Common Lisp Pretty Printing System R.C. Waters, Memo 1102a, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT (Cambridge, MA), September 1989.