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AIC Seminar Series

First-Order Probabilistic Inference

Rodrigo de Salvo BrazUniversity of California Berkeley[Home Page]

Notice:  hosted by David Israel

Date:  2008-07-29 at 16:00

Location:  EJ228 (SRI E building)  (Directions)

   Abstract

Many Artificial Intelligence (AI) tasks, such as natural language processing, commonsense reasoning and vision, could be naturally modeled by a language and associated inference engine using both relational (first-order) predicates and probabilistic information. While logic has been the basis for much AI development and is a powerful framework for using relational predicates, its lack of representation for probabilistic knowledge severely limits its application to many tasks. Graphical models and Machine Learning, on the other hand, can capture much of probabilistic reasoning but lack convenient means for using relational predicates.

In the last fifteen years, many frameworks have been proposed for merging those two approaches but have mainly been probabilistic logic languages resorting to propositionalization of relational predicates (and, as a consequence, ordinary graphical models inference). This has the severe disadvantage of ignoring the relational structure of the model and potentially causing exponential blowups in inference time.

I will talk about my work in integrating logic and probabilistic inference in a more seamless way. This includes Lifted First-Order Probabilistic Inference, a way of performing inference directly on first-order representation, without propositionalization, and work on DBLOG (Dynamic Bayesian Logic), an extension of BLOG (Bayesian Logic, by Milch and Russell) for temporal models such as data association and activity recognition. I will conclude with what I see as important future directions in this field.

   Bio for Rodrigo de Salvo Braz

Rodrigo de Salvo Braz was born in São Paulo, Brazil. He graduated from Universidade de São Paulo in 1993 with a B.Sc. in Computer Science. He also obtained a M.Sc. degree in Computer Science from the same department in 1998, while working for companies such as Bull Systems and PC Magazine Brazil. He spent two years as a graduate student at the Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences at Brown University from 1998 to 2000. During his study in the Computer Science department at the University of Illinois, he focused his research on First-Order Probabilistic Inference and Natural Language Processing. He has been a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Computer Science Division of EECS at University of California, Berkeley since August 2007, under the supervision of Prof. Stuart Russell.

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