Information Processing Approach to Reasoning by Analogy
by Kling, Robert E.
Technical Note 56
Institution: AI Center, SRI International
Address: 333 Ravenswood Ave, Menlo Park, CA 94025
Note: SRI Project 8973. The research reported herein was sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Contract NASW-2164.
Reasoning by analogy (RBA) has been discussed in artificial intelligence circles because of its extraordinary value in human problem solving and its elusiveness to mechanization. Without an ability to analogize, we would be unable to generalize, induce, or theorize. Moreover, thinking would be rather tedious, as we would have to solve each distinct problem afresh, without referring to previous experience. Fortunately the spectrum of similarities we are able to exploit is rather wide, encompassing many types, each with its own subvarieties. Unfortunately, we call much of this diverse behavior "reasoning by analogy." Hopefully, in the near future, we can develop some useful refinements for RBA.
|Kling, Robert E||Alumnus|