Overview:
This package provides efficient and accurate geographic
coordinate transformations in the Java language.
The currently supported coordinate systems are defined as follows:
Name 
Abbreviation 
Geodetic Coordinate System 
GDC 
GeoCentric Coordinate System 
GCC 
Universal Transverse Mercator 
UTM 
Mercator 
MER 
Lambert Conformal Conic 
LCC 
Ordinance Survey Great Britain 
OSGB 
Direct conversions, and their inverses, are supplied for GDC to GCC,
GDC to UTM, LCC to GDC, MER to GDC, and OSGB to GDC.
Indirect conversions (via GDC) are supplied for UTM to
GCC and GCC to UTM.
These classes are intended to provide a fast method for coordinate
transformations in Java. Some of the conversions (GCC
<> GDC, UTM <> GDC, UTM <> GCC) are based on
mathematical approximations that eliminate many of the trigonometric
calls used in the exact solutions. These are accurate to within
a one millimeter error ball of the exact solution, while being
substantially faster. The remaining conversions are based on
community contributions and may provide less accurate and efficient
solutions.
Twenty Two Earth Reference Ellipsoids are supported, for more
information see the SEDRIS GRM.
Limitations:
 No bounds checking is done for valid coordinates, nor error codes
returned, thus it is possible to enter invalid coordinates and receive
either erroneous results or a runtime error. The user is
responsible for the surety of the source data.
 Vertical datums relative to mean sea level (i.e. geoids)
are not supported  all elevations are
currently assumed to be from the ellipsoid.
 GCC to GDC and GCC to UTM require an ellipsoid for
initialization, as the routine is optimized based on a curvefit of
the 22 supported earth reference models.
Known Bugs:

The Init method initialises the static variables Origin_lat and
Origin_lon in terms of themselves. If Init is called more than once,
the variables are assigned incorrect values by being converted from
degrees to radians each time. Calling Init more than once for
Gdc_To_OSGB_Converter does not have this problem.
[Reported by Ian MacColl]
